Drumming up an Audience

When Spectacle Becomes Failure


  • Lawrence Bradby
  • Judith Stewart




Participation, Art-spectacle, Failure, Public art, British Art Show, Community


Funding streams designed to enable wider participation with contemporary visual art often fail to meet their objectives. Faced with the need to show increased engagement in return for public funding, fear of failure has led many organisations to turn to what we describe as the ‘art-spectacle’: public artworks developed as a means of demonstrating public participation. What is the nature of the engagement when large crowds encounter an art-spectacle? When art-spectacles appropriate an existing cultural form and rebrand it as ‘art’, by what criteria can it be judged a success or failure? Our discussion centres on The History Train, an event that formed part of British Art Show 8 in Norwich in 2016. As it received funding to engage new audiences, we assess The History Train against the criteria by which the funding was awarded. We also look at the degree to which it met Debord’s (1983) logic of spectacle and the necessity of visibility over experience.




How to Cite

Bradby, L., & Stewart, J. (2020). Drumming up an Audience: When Spectacle Becomes Failure. Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.7146/tjcp.v7i2.121814



Peer Reviewed Research Articles: Theme Section